Mexico Travel Information

Photo Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Western Hemisphere and is rich in natural resources such as petroleum and natural gas. Mexico's efforts to develop and modernize its economy—one of the 15 largest in the world—have been slowed by the nation's rugged terrain, limited farmland, a rapidly growing population, and a series of economic crises. The nation's capital, Mexico City, is one of the largest cities in the world. In Latin America, only Brazil has a larger population.
than Mexico. The people of Mexico reflect the country's rich history. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in the early 16th century soon led to widespread intermarriage and racial mixing between Spaniards and Native Americans. As late as the early 19th century, Native Americans accounted for nearly two-thirds of the population in the region. During that century, however, the racial composition of the country began to change from one that featured distinct European (Spanish) and indigenous populations, to one made up largely of mestizos—people of mixed Spanish and Native American descent. By the end of the 19th century, mestizos, who were discriminated against during three centuries of Spanish colonization, had become the largest population group in Mexico. Mestizos now account for about 60 percent of Mexicans.

Important: Travel to Mexico may require a travel visa. Whether a visa is required for travel depends on citizenship and purpose of journey. Please be sure to review Travisa's Mexico visa instructions for details. Visa instructions for other countries are available on our do I need a visa page.

Country Statistics

Full country name: United Mexican States
Capital city: Mexico City
Area: 1,964,375 sq km
Population: 114,975,406
Ethnic groups: mestizo
Languages: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
Religions: Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 5.2%
Government: federal republic
Chief of State: President Enrique PENA NIETO
Head of Government: President Enrique PENA NIETO
GDP: 1.667 trillion
GDP per captia: 14,700
Annual growth rate: 3.9%
Inflation: 3.4%
Agriculture: corn, wheat, soybeans, rice, beans, cotton, coffee, fruit, tomatoes
Major industries: food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism
Natural resources: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber
Location: North America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States
Trade Partners - exports: US 78.6%
Trade Partners - imports: US 49.7%, China 14.9%, Japan 4.7%